Dental health and care is a serious medical concern for everyone. Some people take it lightly whereas others do not pay much attention when they should be ensuring a healthy balance. The bed-time battles, arguments to make your children get up and brush their teeth and floss, are experienced by almost all the parents around the world. This can be more difficult especially when you are dealing with children with the special needs. Children with certain physical, intellectual and medical disabilities can suffer various dental problems. The reason can be a number of issues including difficulty with memory and dexterity.
Dental Concerns In The Children Having Special Needs
- Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease (GERD): The dental condition GERD causes the mouth of your child to be acidic and it can also wear down his teeth. The dentist may prescribe certain pastes for preventing teeth damage from acid.
- Grinding: You child may gnash or grind their teeth while they are sleeping or during day time. Grinding can damage the teeth over time but most of time children outgrow this habit. If not, then there are treatments available for helping such habits.
- Holding good in mouth: Some children hold food in cheeks or mouth longer than the usual. It is also called as food pouching. This activity creates a place for the bacteria and cause the cavities to grow.
- Dry mouth: This happens due to the condition of your child or from any medication. It affects the nutrition and may also lead to gum disease, tooth decay and mouth infections.
- Delay in the first teeth: This is a common problem in the children suffering from ‘Down Syndrome’. Check with the dentist and the doctor of your child for the treatment ideas.
- Bad breath: This happens due to chronic sinusitis, diabetes, digestive problems, and certain medications that the child is taking.
- Gums and teeth affected by medicines: Certain medicines and liquid syrups with sugar can actually cause cavities. Antihistamines, anti-GERD medicines, antidepressants, barbiturates, and sedatives may reduce the amount of saliva your child makes. Some medicines for seizures may cause the enlarged gums, and further causing the gums to bleed. You can rinse or spray the mouth of your child with water after every dose.
Professional Dental Care Of Your ChildThere are more concerns when you plan to visit the dentist or dental hygienist with your child. Sometimes, you may find difficulty to find such a dentist who would treat children with the special needs. The reluctance of the dentist could come from various reasons like:
- Lack of the proper equipment
- Insufficient time for making the cost effective treatment
- Lack of training
- Fear of hurting the child unintentionally
- Lack of understanding regarding the special needs of the child