Alcoholism is a very serious medical disease. The alcohol addictions depend on the frequency and amount of the consumption. Progressing alcoholism significantly disrupts the lives of the alcoholics and their families. The physical signs of the intoxication and overconsumption of alcohol are recognizable by the adults mostly. The signs include:
- Incoherent or slurred speech
- Clumsiness and poor balance
- Delayed Reflexes
- Vomiting or nausea
- Stomach pains
- Blacking-out or loss of consciousness
- Redness of face after or during the periods of consumption
Signs Of Alcohol Addiction And Abuse
- Problems at school or work.
- Drinking in risky situations, like driving.
- Unable to remember what has happened 5 minutes ago.
- Intoxication- Getting into legal problems due to excessive drinking like being arrested.
- Hurting others or self.
- Unable to quit drinking despite of serious health problems like liver disease.
- No control on drinking.
- Withdrawal symptoms while trying to quit, such as sweating, anxiety, shakiness etc.
- Giving up on all the activities for drinking.
- Feeling of guilt after drinking.
- Making excuses for drinking or doing other activities to hide the drinking problem.
- Redness of the cheeks and nose.
- Other signs of the alcohol dependence like weight loss or upset stomach.
Causes Of The Alcohol Addiction
Approximately half of the Americans drink alcohol, out of which 7% are alcoholics. Scientists believe that genetics plays an important part in the problem of alcoholism. Having this problem in this family also increases the risk of addiction. The environment of the person is also a vital component. Following few situations are likely to predispose people to alcoholism:
- Child Abuse- 27% of the men and 72% of women with the substance abuse issues report sexual or physical abuse in childhood.
- Impulsivity- People who are diagnosed or lack impulse control with the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (AFHD) are likely to become addicted to alcohol.
- Psychiatric Disorders- People who are anxious, depressed or have the disorders like bipolar have high risk of being addicted to alcohol. One-third of the alcoholics suffer from severe depression . Persistent alcoholism conversely causes brain changes resulting in anxiety and depression. Social phobia and post-traumatic stress syndrome may lead to alcoholism as well.
The Impact of Alcohol Addiction On Health
The alcohol abuse affects the health of the addicts in several ways such as:
- It leads to the cirrhosis of liver.
- It damages the nervous system and brain, impairing the balance, intellectual abilities and sexual function.
- It causes inflammation of digestive tract and stomach which may result in life-threatening perforation.
- It is linked in increasing the cancer of larynx, liver, colon, breast and esophagus and to diabetes.
- It results in the malnutrition that is brought on by the inability to absorb the vitamins or the lack of vitamins.
The Denial Of Alcoholism
Denial is among the biggest obstacles for getting the help for alcoholism and alcohol abuse. Desire to drink alcohol is strong enough to make the mind finds several way for rationalizing the problem of drinking, even after knowing the consequences of this addiction. Denial exacerbates the alcohol-related issues and problems with relationships, finances and work. The addicts can deny it by:
- Downplaying negative consequences of drinking
- Drastically underestimating the amount of alcohol consumption
- Blaming the drinking-related problems or drinking on others
- Complaining that friends and family are exaggerating the problem of alcohol addictions