Mental illness is a disease that disturbs a person’s way of thinking, feeling, reacting and working. It is difficult to diagnose and treat however it needs early identification with continuous and constant treatment.
Now let us discuss some of the types of mental illness. The common types of mental illnesses are:
- Panic disorder
- Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
- Eating disorder
- Borderline personality disorder
- Bipolar disorder
- Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
- Autism spectrum disorder
- Anxiety disorder
Panic disorder is also termed as Panic attack. In this mental illness people feel too much fear in doing routine work. They become afraid of travelling in airplanes or elevators. Sometimes their minds start creating artificial worries.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD):
The people suffering from OCD perform different rituals several times to get rid of their fear. They think that if do not perform these tasks something bad might happen to them or to the people near them. In real, these thoughts are baseless.
People with eating disorders
have an extreme fear from over-weighting. Eating disorder is very severe and if not treated properly can even lead to death.
Depression becomes a mental illness as soon as it turns into major depression. Major depression is a permanent sad feeling. It has adverse effects on a person’s thoughts, mood, feelings, physical health and behavior. The person with major depression also feels happy but these moments do not last long. Sometimes women experience depression more than men, find out the symptoms and causes of depression in women
Borderline Personality Disorder:
The patients of borderline personality disorder experience uncontrollable and extreme anger. They try to suicide or hurt themselves by cutting. The cause of this mental is still unknown despite of many researches however doctors have found that the key role in the development of this illness is of environmental and biological factors.
In Bipolar disorder a person experiences shifts in mood from one extreme to the other. A person might feel manic one moment and depressive the other moment. Severity of mood swings varies from person to person. Mood swings can last for a whole month or end in a single day. It does not have any regular pattern that is why it is difficult to diagnose.
Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD):
Attention-deficit hyperactive people can focus and pay attention on small things but they react abruptly on even small questions. They make mistakes which are careless. They are very energetic. This disorder is mostly inherited.
Autism Spectrum Disorder:
Lack of communication skills in a person is medically named as Autism Spectrum Disorder. This mental illness is present in a person whose brain suffered some problem during or before birth. The symptoms of autism spectrum disorder show themselves in childhood. It is incurable.
During normal situations a person suffering from anxiety disorder feels sudden distress, fright or uneasiness. If anxiety disorder is not treated, it can become severe and the person will become unable to do anything.
I hope that now you know the types of mental illness and can clearly distinguish between mental illness and normal behavior.